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Water Damage Drying


The first step to drying a structure is extraction, which may include removal of wet materials, and then evaporation. The extraction phase removes most of the liquid water and then evaporation removes the remaining liquid water and “draws” the moisture out of wet materials (drywall, plywood, framing lumber, etc).

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County The drying process is optimized by first doing a good extraction to remove as much of the liquid Water as possible and then using Psychrometry to set up a frying system that maximizes drying efficiency.

Psychometric measurements include the relative humidity and dry bulb temperature to determine the humidity ration (grains per pound) and the vapor pressure.

From this, we can then determine what drying equipment should be employed to maximize the drying process.

Water Moisture And Structural Drying


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County Water affects materials indirectly. Excessive moisture leads to elevated humidity. Many building materials will absorb excess water vapor and suffer damage, especially when the air in the structure is allowed to remain above 60% relative humidity.

Once the loss has been established as Category 1, structural drying can proceed. No substantial departure from standard procedures for addressing contamination is needed.

It is possible to effectively restore the structure to a pre-loss condition by thoroughly and rapidly drying materials, and by replacing only materials with permanent structural or aesthetic damage.

In-Place Drying System


While there are many methods for drying structural components and contents, the “in-place” drying system has been taught in the industry and used by drying contractors since the early ’80s.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County In those days, this method of drying components, without significant removal of furnishings or fixtures, was somewhat restricted, due to limitations imposed by extraction, evaporation and dehumidification equipment.

In recent years, however, drying technology (extraction, evaporation, dehumidification), along with better understanding of Psychrometry, has advanced in major ways so that in-place drying has, in some cases, become far more safe and practical.

Natural Ventilation And Dehumidification


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County Allowing natural ventilation and evaporation to work is better for the building than using heated forced-air or air conditioning systems. The rapid drying out of a historic building using hot air power drying systems can cause irreparable harm to significant features of the building.

Dehumidification is set-up within the water damaged area(s) depending upon power availability and the type of drying equipment available. A supplemental electrical power source may be necessary in some buildings.

The Principles of Drying


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County The IICRC S500 Water Damage Restoration Standard and Reference Guide describes the task of Water damage restoration through five principles.

1. Provide For Safety
2. Document And Inspect The Project
3. Mitigate Further Damage
4. Clean And Dry Affected Areas
5. Complete The Restoration

Provide For The Safety of Workers And Occupants


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County The technician’s first responsibility when arriving at a Water damage site is to identify and eliminate safety hazards. The restoration contractor is responsible to provide for the health and safety of workers and occupants during restoration procedures.

Document And Inspect The Project


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County The restorer must evaluate the extent of water migration and be able to measure the moisture absorbed by materials in order to properly scope the work to be done. As drying is attempted, the restorer must verify that anticipated progress is actually being achieved.

Due to the number of variables present that affect the drying of materials, progress cannot be assumed. Frequent inspection and monitoring is therefore essential. As you enter rooms, inspect ceilings carefully. Wet plaster and sheetrock are very heavy and can be a hazard.

Be aware of bulging ceilings that may hold trapped Water. If rainwater has collected in the ceiling, the rainwater will find it own route into the floors below.

Mitigate Further Damage


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County Drying decisions are made based upon critical information the restorer obtains during the initial assessment. The inspection not only checks the extent of moisture intrusion, but also considers the potential for additional Water damages.

Remove any Water soaked items stored in the attic for treatment. The weight of Water soaked boxes can cause cracking in the plaster ceilings of the floor below. Open windows and vents to allow fresh air to circulate. If your electrical system is safe and you have an attic fan, turn it on.

Clean And Dry Affected Areas


Cleaning procedures are used whenever soils and debris must be removed to expedite the drying process. Contaminated materials that can be ultimately restored require cleaning either before or after the drying process.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County Any highly porous item affected, such as valuable contents, require intensive cleaning. Flooding may be quick, but drying out a building is a time consuming effort.

Allowing natural ventilation and evaporation to work is better for the building than the using heated forced-air or air conditioning systems. The rapid drying out of a historic building using hot air power drying systems can cause irreparable harm to significant features of the building.

Complete The Restoration


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County The Water restoration technician’s job is not done when the materials are dry. As the drying proceeds, restorers have to re-evaluate the condition of structural items or contents and consider whether they will require refinishing or restoration to return them to a pre-loss condition.

Any building materials that were removed or disrupted will need reconstruction. The job is not complete until all affected materials are clean, dry, and equal or better in appearance and function than they were before the loss occurred.

Natural And Controlled Drying


Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County Efforts to promote natural and controlled drying out of the building should start at the attic. If the insulation is wet, remove it and dispose of properly.

After being wet, most insulation is ineffective, but it will continue to hold moisture for a long time and will create high moisture conditions which will damage metal, masonry, and wood.

Air Circulation


Remember that air circulation is the key to completely drying out a structure. Heaters or air conditioners should not force the drying process. If you force your building to dry too quickly, additional damage to the building elements will occur.

Controlling Moisture Intrusion


The source of Water intrusion must be stopped and any further moisture intrusion controlled in order for the restorative drying effort to return the structure and contents to an acceptable condition. The technician will determine whether any building materials in the affected areas could suffer potentially secondary damage.

Recording Moisture Content


Following the Initial Loss Assessment, daily records of moisture levels in the structure will assist in communicating the importance of each consecutive step in the restorative drying process. This information is recorded in a way that is easily understood – not only by the technician monitoring the job site, but also by all other materially interested parties.

Restorative Drying


Restorative drying is a dynamic process in which a number of variables are constantly influencing the restorer’s intended result: returning the structure to a clean, dry and safe living environment.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County The nature of these variables demands that drying environments be closely monitored to ensure that the intended results are realized. This requires a thorough initial inspection to identify items that will influence the restorer’s end goal, followed by frequent monitoring to ensure that expected progress is being made.

Once a building has been exposed to a large volume of Water, either floodwater or rainwater, steps must be taken to dry the building out, assess damage, and plan for Restoration and restoration. Flooding may be quick, but drying out a building is a time consuming effort.

Water Activity


The amount of free Water that is available to support microorganism growth on a surface is called Water Activity, and is designated by the symbol (Aw). Water Activity is a moisture calculation that is similar to Equilibrium Relative Humidity (ERH).

Water Activity, is Water in the material. It is defined as the vapor pressure of the Water above a sample, divided by that of pure Water at the same temperature. Water activity can be used to predict the direction of Water movement.

Water will flow from areas of high water activity to areas of low water activity. Water activity is directly related to Equilibrium Relative Humidity.

Water Damage Restoration Water Damage Drying Sewage Removal
Water Damage Restoration Sewage Removal

Water Damage Drying


Water Damage Drying


The first step to drying a structure is extraction, which may include removal of wet materials, and then evaporation. The extraction phase removes most of the liquid Water and then evaporation removes the remaining liquid Water and “draws” the moisture out of wet materials (drywall, plywood, framing lumber, etc).

The drying process is optimized by first doing a good extraction to remove as much of the liquid Water as possible and then using Psychrometry to set up a frying system that maximizes drying efficiency.

Psychometric measurements include the relative humidity and dry bulb temperature to determine the humidity ration (grains per pound) and the vapor pressure. From this, we can then determine what drying equipment should be employed to maximize the drying process.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County

Water Moisture And Structural Drying


Water affects materials indirectly. Excessive moisture leads to elevated humidity. Many building materials will absorb excess water vapor and suffer damage, especially when the air in the structure is allowed to remain above 60% relative humidity.

Once the loss has been established as Category 1, structural drying can proceed. No substantial departure from standard procedures for addressing contamination is needed.

It is possible to effectively restore the structure to a pre-loss condition by thoroughly and rapidly drying materials, and by replacing only materials with permanent structural or aesthetic damage.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County

In-Place Drying System


While there are many methods for drying structural components and contents, the “in-place” drying system has been taught in the industry and used by drying contractors since the early ’80s.

In those days, this method of drying components, without significant removal of furnishings or fixtures, was somewhat restricted, due to limitations imposed by extraction, evaporation and dehumidification equipment.

In recent years, however, drying technology (extraction, evaporation, dehumidification), along with better understanding of Psychrometry, has advanced in major ways so that in-place drying has, in some cases, become far more safe and practical.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County

Natural Ventilation And Dehumidification



Allowing natural ventilation and evaporation to work is better for the building than using heated forced-air or air conditioning systems. The rapid drying out of a historic building using hot air power drying systems can cause irreparable harm to significant features of the building.

Dehumidification is set-up within the water damaged area(s) depending upon power availability and the type of drying equipment available. A supplemental electrical power source may be necessary in some buildings.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County

Natural And Controlled Drying


Efforts to promote natural and controlled drying out of the building should start at the attic. If the insulation is wet, remove it and dispose of properly. After being wet, most insulation is ineffective, but it will continue to hold moisture for a long time and will create high moisture conditions which will damage metal, masonry, and wood.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County

Air Circulation


Remember that air circulation is the key to completely drying out a structure. Heaters or air conditioners should not force the drying process. If you force your building to dry too quickly, additional damage to the building elements will occur.

Mold Removal Lake County Water Damage Restoration Lake County

Controlling Moisture Intrusion


The source of Water intrusion must be stopped and any further moisture intrusion controlled in order for the restorative drying effort to return the structure and contents to an acceptable condition. The technician will determine whether any building materials in the affected areas could suffer potentially secondary damage.

Recording Moisture Content


Following the Initial Loss Assessment, daily records of moisture levels in the structure will assist in communicating the importance of each consecutive step in the restorative drying process.

This information is recorded in a way that is easily understood – not only by the technician monitoring the job site, but also by all other materially interested parties.

Restorative Drying


Restorative drying is a dynamic process in which a number of variables are constantly influencing the restorer’s intended result: returning the structure to a clean, dry and safe living environment. The nature of these variables demands that drying environments be closely monitored to ensure that the intended results are realized.

This requires a thorough initial inspection to identify items that will influence the restorer’s end goal, followed by frequent monitoring to ensure that expected progress is being made.

Once a building has been exposed to a large volume of Water, either floodwater or rainwater, steps must be taken to dry the building out, assess damage, and plan for Restoration and restoration. Flooding may be quick, but drying out a building is a time consuming effort.

Water Activity


The amount of free Water that is available to support microorganism growth on a surface is called Water Activity, and is designated by the symbol (Aw). Water Activity is a moisture calculation that is similar to Equilibrium Relative Humidity (ERH).

Water Activity, is Water in the material. It is defined as the vapor pressure of the Water above a sample, divided by that of pure Water at the same temperature. Water activity can be used to predict the direction of Water movement.

Water will flow from areas of high water activity to areas of low water activity. Water activity is directly related to Equilibrium Relative Humidity.

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